Loading…

Sign up or log in to bookmark your favorites and sync them to your phone or calendar.

Session 1B [clear filter]
Tuesday, July 12
 

10:30

Session 1B: The Urban Experience
Location: PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305, 
Goldsmiths, University of London, Building 2
Campus Map 


Moderators
MC

Mary Cavanagh

Associate professor, University of Ottawa
University of Ottawa, Canada

Tuesday July 12, 2016 10:30 - 12:00
PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305 Goldsmiths University, Building 2

10:31

Exploring the Relationship Between a ‘Facebook Group’ and Face-to-Face Interactions in ‘Weak-Tie’ Residential Communities
Location: PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305, 
Goldsmiths, University of London, Building 2
Campus Map 

Contributors:
  • Magdalena Baborska-Narozny, Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland
  • Eve Stirling, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
  • Fionn Stevenson, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

The emergence and thriving or dying out of social network Facebook groups aimed at connecting otherwise anonymous people that live in a single urban development is a new phenomenon. Within residential developments there are a number of common management and performance issues experienced by many isolated inhabitants and found through building performance evaluation studies. Facebook is a ubiquitous and powerful communication platform particularly popular among young adults. This paper explores the use of Facebook in relation to those issues in two cases of Facebook Group usage within residential communities in the UK. Data was collected through longitudinal digital and physical visits to the residential communities and to the Facebook Group sites. Findings are presented in relation to home learning, site/neighbourhood and self-organising initiatives. We propose that weak-tie residential communities can develop collective efficacy and work together for the overall good of the residential development through communicating on a Facebook Group. This helps to improve the physical environment, facilitating further collective action. There is a clear overlap between social media narrative and the physical experience of daily life which can help to empower residents 

Tuesday July 12, 2016 10:31 - 12:00
PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305 Goldsmiths University, Building 2

10:31

Space vs. Place: Comparing Space-based Movements and Place-based Experiences at the Roskilde Festival 2015
Location: PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305, 
Goldsmiths, University of London, Building 2
Campus Map 

Contributors:
  • Chris Zimmerman, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark 
  • René Madsen, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark 
  • Henrik Hammer Eliassen, IBM Denmark, Denmark
  • Ravi Vatrapu, Copenhagen Business School & Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology, Denmark

This paper applies urban informatics methods and techniques on big data generated from the concentrated environment of the second largest music festival in the world, Roskilde Festival. First, we explain how to utilize relevant dimensions from human geography theories towards mapping a ‘Geography of Importance’. Second, we elaborate on methods deployed for collecting both mobile GPS and social media traces that the smart phone generates in physical spaces. Third, we compare and contrast the automatically geocoded presence in space and at events with the intentionally socially tagged consumption of these spaces and events as place-based experiences. In doing so, these two layers of space-based movements and place-based experiences reveal the appropriation of affordances and choices of aesthetic appreciation by the crowd at large of what is subjectively and relatively meaningful, actionable, and valuable. 

Tuesday July 12, 2016 10:31 - 12:00
PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305 Goldsmiths University, Building 2

10:31

Using 3D social worlds to enhance participatory urban planning
Location: PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305, 
Goldsmiths, University of London, Building 2
Campus Map 

Contributors:
  • David Harris Smith, McMaster University, Canada
  • Frauke Zeller, Ryerson University, Canada
  • John Eyles,  McMaster University, Canada
  • Emily Eyles, University of Bristol, Canada
  • Lauren Jay Dwyer, Ryerson University, Canada
  • Hanako Smith, Tampere University, Canada

Background:

As digital and social technologies have come to shape the city and the daily lives of its citizenry, it is timely and necessary that the means by which we envision the future city is enabled by these same technologies. The changing nature of the city in the digital age, the availability of rich GIS data sets, social media networking platforms, and open source online collaborative virtual worlds, suggest that a key challenge in achieving greater citizen engagement and participation in urban planning decisions is how to best leverage both the social and technological opportunities implicit in these conditions. This Work-in-Progress paper discusses first results from a SSHRC funded project, Virtual Hamilton, which integrates the design, testing and implementation of a publicly accessible, user-friendly community planning and visualization system. The Virtual Hamilton project also aims to integrate community knowledge contribution via multiple social media tools, such as Twitter and Instagram with an open source virtual environment for city modeling.


Objective:

The Virtual Hamilton project goal is to explore novel techniques and approaches for integrating a 3D visualization platform and interactive social media for the purposes of civic engagement in community development and participatory urban planning processes. By integrating both cutting-edge High-Performance-Computing (HPC) technologies with social sciences theories and methods, the project aims to provide novel insights on the use of digital technologies to facilitate public engagement and participation in city planning.  

Methods:

The project follows an interaction design methodology (Preece et al., 2002), integrating different methods (mixed methods approach) at specific stages of the project (see Figure 1 below). In the first phase, we conducted 12 expert interviews with professional planners and 3 focus group studies to access diverse stakeholder opinions. We also staged two 100 attendee participatory planning charrettes, jointly hosted by the City of Hamilton and McMaster and Ryerson University partners. We are now in the process of evaluating and analyzing the different outcomes, which will then inform our user studies of the first prototype of the 3D virtual planning environment.

Results:

Initial analysis of the expert interviews and focus groups indicate that while participatory planning has been readily adopted as a value by municipal authorities and planning professionals, it has not been successfully implemented. Problems cited by professionals include the increased costs and workload to facilitate public participation, planning knowledge deficits on the part of the lay participants. Lay participants and business operators cited a lack of information from planning authorities and professionals and the offer of token, rather than meaningful, planning engagement. All participants, including charrette participants, responded positively to the virtual planning environment, requesting ongoing access to the environment and suggesting extended application to other planning sites and issues.

Future Work:

Future work includes detailed analysis of the data and conducting a user study of the virtual environment for participatory urban planning. 


References:

Preece, J., Rogers, Y., and Sharp, S. (2002). Interaction design: Beyond human-computer interaction. New York, NY: J. Wiley & Sons. 



Tuesday July 12, 2016 10:31 - 12:00
PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305 Goldsmiths University, Building 2

10:31

[CANCELLED] How Twitter reveals Cities within Cities
Location: PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305, 
Goldsmiths, University of London, Building 2
Campus Map 

Contributors: 
  • Michela Arnaboldi, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
  • Marco Brambilla, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
  • Beatrice Cassottana, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  • Paolo Ciuccarelli, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
  • Simone Vantini, Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Cities are expanding and becoming more and more dynamic in terms of movement of population and, as a consequence, they are becoming melting pots with people of different cultures, religions and languages. In this paper, the authors use the multilingual analysis of Twitter to discover the “hidden cities” concealed within the city of Milan. Using the social media Twitter as a data source helps to detect weaker signals that are not captured through traditional census data. In this study, neighbourhoods in Milan are identified as areas where people speak mainly the same language on Twitter and these results are then compared with census data, to underline any parallelisms or discrepancies between the two sources of data. An added value of the paper is that the results are implemented within an online city dashboard, called Urbanscope. 

Tuesday July 12, 2016 10:31 - 12:00
PSH (Professor Stuart Hall Building) - 305 Goldsmiths University, Building 2